Industrial complex in Novomoskovsk, the Tula region

PASSPORT OF THE COMPREHENSIVE INVESTMENT PROJECT "INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX IN NOVOMOSKOVSK, THE TULA REGION" IMPLEMENTED BY THE FUND OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Approved by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation
dated November 30, 2006. N 1708-р
(amended by the decree of the Government of RF
dated September 3, 2008 N 1280-р)

 

1. The name of the comprehensive investment project - "Industrial complex in Novomoskovsk, the Tula region." The name of the investment projects included in the comprehensive investment project:

  • "Building a bridge across the river Lyubovka for 10 km of the area Maklets - Bobrik-Donskoy of the Moscow railway";
  • "Building a new station Promgipsovaya of the railway branch Urvanka - Promgipsovaya of the Moscow railway";
  • "Building the road Tula - Novomoskovsk km 34 + 800 - km 51 + 660 in the Kireevsky and Novomoskovsk areas of the Tula".

The implementation period is from 2007 to 2016.

 

2. The executive officers of the comprehensive investment project:

  • Federal Agency for Railway Transport;
  • Federal Road Agency.

3. The State coordinator of the comprehensive investment project - the administration of the Tula region.
4. The Participants in the comprehensive investment project:

  • The Federal State Unitary Enterprise "A Unitary group of the customer of the Federal Agency for Railway Transport";
  • The Open Joint Stock Company "Russian Railways";
  • Investors:
    • The Open Joint Stock Company "Corporation Novomoskovskinvest;
    • The Open Joint Stock Company "NAC “Azot” ";
    • The Limited Liability Company “Procter & Gamble – Novomoskovsk”;
    • The Open Joint Stock Company “Knauf Gips Novomoskovsk”;
    • The Open Joint Stock Company "Territorial Generating Company N 4";
    • The Closed Joint-Stock Company “Management Company of the Group of Companies GOTEK”.

5. The objective of the comprehensive investment project is in creation of the environment for the development of a large industrial district on the basis of the construction of new and modernization of the existing production and realization of the activities for the development of the transport infrastructure needed to implement large investment projects using the principles of public-private partnership.

6. The approved estimated cost of the comprehensive investment project (in the year prices, including VAT) - 46,269.6 million rubles.

7. The Information on the state examination of the project documentation:

  • conclusion of the Head Department of the state extra departmental examination N 164-08/ ГГЭ - 5328/04 dated March 19, 2008;
  • conclusion of the Head Department of the state extra departmental examination N 221-08/ГГЭ - 5340/04 dated March 26, 2008;
  • positive findings of the state examination of the Head Department of the state extra departmenta

8. The Information about the investment adviser “Raiffeisen Investment Aktiengesellschaft”, Moscow, Leninsky Prospekt, 15A

9. The form of the state support - implementation of the budget investments in the capital construction projects of the state ownership of the Russian Federation, provision of subsidies to the budgets of the Russian Federation for the co-financing of the capital construction of the state ownership of the entities of the Russian Federation.

10. The amount of the state support for the budget appropriations of the Investment Fund of the Russian Federation (in the year prices, including VAT) - 8,646.1 million rubles.

11. The payback period of the comprehensive investment project-9 years since the beginning of implementation.

12. The Scope of the obligations to implement the comprehensive investment project by year during the period of its implementation is determined according to the Annex N 1.

13. on the The volume of the property rights of the Russian Federation to the results of the comprehensive investment project:

  • objects the funding of which is carried out by the Investment Fund of the Russian Federation - 100 per cent;
  • on the objects the funding of which is carried out at the expense of the investors - 100 per cent of the ownership rights of the investors.

14. The results of implementation of the comprehensive investment project are defined in accordance with the Annex N 2.

15. The data of the passports for the investment projects implemented in the framework of the comprehensive investment project, are given in the Annex N 3, Annex N 4 and Annex N 5. 


ANNEX № 1 TO THE PASSPORT OF THE COMPREHENSIVE INVESTMENT PROJECT "INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX IN NOVOMOSKOVSK, THE TULA REGION"

(million rubles in the year prices, with VAT)

Stages of implementation of the comprehensive investment project The estimated cost of the comprehensive investment project Sources of financing of the comprehensive investment
Internal funds of the investor Borrowed funds of the investor Budget funds of the subjects of the Russian Federation RF Investment Fund resources
Comprehensive Investment Project - total,
including:
46269,6 27425 9598,5 600 8646,1
2007 5745,2 4107,6 1623,6 14 -
2008 12148,2 8386 2987,4 100 674,8
2009 13277,8 4585,2 4783,7 230 3678,9
2010 10128,7 5376,5 203,8 256 4292,4
2011 944,1 944,1 - - -
2012 568 568 - - -
2013 1414,5 1414,5 - - -
2014 1423,9 1423,9 - - -
2015 500,4 500,4 - - -
2016 118,8 118,8 - - -
Stage I. Industrial objects
In total, including over the years: 33483,2 23884,7 9598,5 - -
2007 5694,4 4070,8 1623,6 - -
2008 11373,4 8386 2987,4 - -
2009 9368,9 4585,2 4783,7 - -
2010 3943,8 3740 203,8 - -
2011 721,5 721,5 - - -
2012 210,4 210,4 - - -
2013 900,3 900,3 - - -
2014 883,5 883,5 - - -
2015 387 387 - - -
2016 - - - - -
Stage II. Transport infrastructure objects
In total, including over the years: 12786,4 3540,3 - 600 8646,1
2007 50,8 36,8 - 14 -
2008 774,8 - - 100 674,8
2009 3908,9 - - 230 3678,9
2010 6184,9 1636,5 - 256 4292,4
2011 222,6 222,6 - - -
2012 357,6 357,6 - - -
2013 514,2 514,2 - - -
2014 540,4 540,4 - - -
2015 113,4 113,4 - - -
2016 118,8 118,8 - - -

ANNEX №2 TO THE PASSPORT OF THE COMPREHENSIVE INVESTMENT PROJECT "INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX IN NOVOMOSKOVSK, THE TULA REGION"

Stages of implementation of the comprehensive investment project The expected result of the stage implementation of the comprehensive investment project
Stage I. Industrial objects
2007
  • modernization of the Karbamid-3 gild,
  • modernization of the gild of compound fertilizers,
  • construction of the industrial and warehouse buildings for the manufacture of synthetic detergents and liquid detergents,
  • purchase and installation of the technological equipment (the 1st line of synthetic detergents, the 1st Line of Fairy, the 1st Line of Lenore, the 1st Line of Comet Gel, the 1st Line of Mr. Proper)
  • construction of the industrial and warehouse buildings for the production of baby diapers,
  • purchase and installation of the technological equipment for the production of Pampers (the 1st line)
  • technical modernization of the gild with the devices of vertical lifting, with the underground complex for crushing the gypsum, with the cargo warehousing and transportation galleries
  • construction of the 3rd conveyor line of plasterboard sheets,
  • preparation of the project on construction of the paper mill,
  • designing the steam plant at the Novomoskovskaya City Power Plant
2008
  • completion of modernization of the Karbamid-3 gild
  • completion of modernization of the gild of compound fertilizers
  • start of the production of the calcium ammonium nitrate,
  • continuation of the construction of the industrial and warehouse buildings for the manufacture of synthetic detergents and liquid detergents
  • purchase and installation of the technological equipment (the 2nd line of synthetic detergents, the 2nd Line of Fairy, the 2nd Line of Comet Gel)
  • completion of the construction of the industrial and warehouse buildings for the production of baby diapers
  • purchase and installation of the technological equipment for the production of Pampers (the 2nd line)
  • completion of the 1st stage of the technical modernization of the gild
  • continuation of the construction of the 3rd conveyor line of plasterboard sheets
  • completion of the design and start of the construction of the paper mill,
  • procurement of the technological equipment,
  • construction of the block of the steam plant at the Novomoskovskaya City Power Plant
2009
  • start of production of the granular urea.
  • attainment of the projected capacity of the gild of compound fertilizers,
  • construction of the industrial and warehouse buildings for the manufacture of synthetic detergents and liquid detergents 
  • urchase and installation of the technological equipment (the 3rd line of synthetic detergents, the 2nd Line of Lenore, the 3rd Line of Comet Gel)
  • purchase and installation of the technological equipment for the production of Pampers (the 3rd line)
  • beginning of the 2nd stage of the technical modernization of the gild
  • continuation of the construction of the 3rd conveyor line of plasterboard sheets
  • completion of the construction of the paper mill
  • installation and commissioning of the technological equipment,
  • continuation of the construction of the block of the steam plant at the Novomoskovskaya City Power Plant
2010
  • attainment of the projected capacity of the Karbamid-3 gild
  • purchase of the technological equipment (the 2nd line of Mr. Proper)
  • modernization of the existing production line for Pampers and its transfer into a new building
  • continuation of the 2nd stage of the technical modernization of the gild
  • termination of the construction of the 3rd conveyor line of plasterboard sheets
  • attainment of the projected capacity of the paper mill
  • termination of the construction of the block of the steam plant at the Novomoskovskaya City Power Plant
  • commissioning the block
2011
  • attainment of the projected capacity of the manufacture of synthetic detergents and liquid detergents
  • attainment of the projected capacity of the baby diapers plant
  • continuation of the 2nd stage of the technical modernization of the gild
  • attainment of the projected capacity of the block of the steam plant at the Novomoskovskaya City Power Plant
2012
  • continuation of the 2nd stage of the technical modernization of the gild
2013
  • continuation of the 2nd stage of the technical modernization of the gild
  • increasing the capacity of the conveyor line of plasterboard sheet
2014
  • continuation of the 2nd stage of the technical modernization of the gild
  • increasing the capacity of the conveyor line of plasterboard sheet
2015
  • continuation of the 2nd stage of the technical modernization of the gild
    increasing the capacity of the conveyor line of plasterboard sheet
2016
  • ttainment of the projected capacity of the gild
  • attainment of the projected capacity of the conveyor line of plasterboard sheet
Stage II. Transport infrastructure objects
2007
  • projects "Building a bridge across the river Lyubovka along the 10 km section Maklets - Bobrik-Donskoy of the Moscow Railway" and "Construction of the new station Promgipsovaya, of the railway line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya of the Moscow Railway" - preparation of feasibility study, preparation of the design estimates (stage "Project");
  • project "Construction of the road Tula - Novomoskovsk km 34 + 800 - km 51 + 660 in the Kireevsky and Novomoskovskiy districts of the Tula region" - preparation of the feasibility study, preparation of the design estimates (stage "Project")
2008
  • project "Building a bridge across the river Lyubovka along the 10 km section Maklets - Bobrik-Donskoy of the Moscow Railway" - beginning of the preparation of the working documentation, excavation, organization of the construction site, organization of the roads, construction of temporary buildings, order of the spans;
  • project “Construction of the new station Promgipsovaya, of the railway line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya of the Moscow Railway”- preparation of complete working documentation for the construction of the railway line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya, beginning of the developing of the working documentation for the station Promgipsovaya, preparation works for the construction of the line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya;
  • project "Construction of the road Tula - Novomoskovsk km 34 + 800 - km 51 + 660 in the Kireevsky and Novomoskovskiy districts of the Tula region" - beginning of the preparation of the working documentation, the 1st phase of the I launch complex for the construction of the road (reconstruction and consolidation of the road, logging, demolition of the existing structures, design of the easement area, technological connection to the distribution network of the open joint stock company "Tulaenergo", land redemption, reorganization of the high-voltage power line, water pipes and communication lines)
2009
  • project "Building a bridge across the river Lyubovka along the 10 km section Maklets - Bobrik-Donskoy of the Moscow Railway"- finalization of preparation of the working documentation, construction of temporary supports for the assembly of the spans with the length of 66 meters, construction of the working bridges, organization of the sheet pile of the trench enclosure supports, piling, concreting the grillages, concreting of the body of the supports , construction of the subgrade of the approaches, partial installation of the upper permanent way on the approaches;
  • project “Construction of the new station Promgipsovaya, of the railway line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya of the Moscow Railway” - finalization of preparation of the working documentation for the station Promgipsovaya, construction of the upper leaf and water drainages of the line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya, construction of the permanent way of the line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya, completion of the construction of the line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya, beginning of the construction of the station Promgipsovaya;
  • project "Construction of the road Tula - Novomoskovsk km 34 + 800 - km 51 + 660 in the Kireevsky and Novomoskovskiy districts of the Tula region" - finalization of preparation of the working documentation, the 2nd phase of the I launch complex, construction of the highway with an overpass over the railroad tracks
2010
  • Maklets - Bobrik-Donskoy of the Moscow Railway" – continuation of the laying of the track structure at the approaches, filling and paving the cones, installation of the shore-span structure, mounting of the spans with the length of 66 meters, demolition of the temporary supports and working bridges, organization of the bridge deck , extraction of the grooving, switching the traffic to the new bridge;
  • project project “Construction of the new station Promgipsovaya, of the railway line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya of the Moscow Railway” - elimination of the construction site and reclamation of the areas, continuation of stacking of the upper structure of the railways, construction of the communication complex, organization of the station with central locking, construction of the administrative and domestic building and the heating stations, organization of the power supply networks, construction and organization of the water and sanitation units, completion of the construction of the station Promgipsovaya;
  • project "Construction of the road Tula - Novomoskovsk km 34 + 800 - km 51 + 660 in the Kireevsky and Novomoskovskiy districts of the Tula region" – construction of the highway section with a bridge across the Lyubovskoye reservoir and an overpass over the railroad tracks

ANNEX № 3. PASSPORT OF THE INVESTMENT PROJECT “BUILDING A BRIDGE ACROSS THE RIVER LYUBOVKA ALONG THE 10 KM SECTION MAKLETS-BOBRIK-DONSKOY OF THE MOSCOW RAILWAY” BEING A PART OF THE COMPREHENSIVE INVESTMENT PROJECT "INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX IN NOVOMOSKOVSK, THE TULA REGION".

  1. Name of the investment project - "Building a bridge across the river Lyubovka along the 10 km section Maklets - Bobrik-Donskoy of the Moscow Railway". The implementation period is from 2007 to 2010.
  2. The Executive officer of the investment project - the Federal Agency for Railway Transport.
  3. The participant in the investment project - the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "The joint customer of the Federal Agency for Railway Transport".
  4. The objective of the investment project - the creation of the transport infrastructure necessary for implementation of the major investment projects related to the development of a large industrial district on the basis of the construction of new and modernization of the existing facilities.
  5. The approved estimated cost of the investment project - 2279.99 million rubles (in the year prices, including VAT).
  6. Information on the state examination of the project documentation - the final conclusion of the Head Department of the state extra departmental examination N 164-08/ ГГЭ - 5328/04 dated March 19 , 2008
  7. Information about the investment adviser – “Raiffeisen Investment Aktiengesellschaft”, Moscow, Leninsky Prospect 15A.
  8. The form of state support - implementation of the budget investments in the capital construction projects of the state ownership of the Russian Federation.
  9. The amount of the state support out of the funds of the Investment Fund of the Russian Federation - 2,254.99 million rubles.
  10. The investment project’s payback period - 9 years since the beginning of implementation.
  11. The extent of liability for the implementation of the investment project on the part of all its participants by year during the period of its implementation is determined according to the Annex N 1.
  12. The volume of the property rights of the Russian Federation to the results of the investment project - the share of the ownership of the Russian Federation - 100 per cent.
  13. The main results of implementation of the investment project are defined according to the Annex N 2.

Annex № 1 to the passport of the investment project “Building a bridge across the river Lyubovka along the 10 km section Maklets - Bobrik-Donskoy of the Moscow Railway”

(million rubles in the year prices, with VAT)

Stages of implementation of the investment project The estimated cost of the comprehensive investment project Sources of financing of the comprehensive investment project
Internal funds of the investor Borrowed funds of the investor Budget funds of the subjects of the Russian Federation RF Investment Fund resources
Investment project - total, including: 2279,99 25 - - 2254,99
2007 25 25 - - -
2008 556,1 - - - 556,1
2009 1445,42 - - - 1445,42
2010 253,47 - - - 253,47

Annex № 2 to the passport of the investment project “Building a bridge across the river Lyubovka along the 10 km section Maklets - Bobrik-Donskoy of the Moscow Railway”

Stages of implementation of the comprehensive investment project The expected result of the stage implementation of the comprehensive investment project
Development of the design estimate documentation for the investment project
2007
  • beginning of the development of the project documentation
2008
  • beginning of preparation of the working documentation, excavation, organization of the construction sites, organization of the roads, construction of temporary buildings and structures, order of spans
2009
  • completion of preparation of the project documentation, the construction of temporary supports for the assembly of the spans with the length of 66 meters, construction of the working bridges, organization of the sheet pile of the trench enclosure supports, piling, concreting the grillages, concreting of the body of the supports , construction of the subgrade of the approaches, partial installation of the upper permanent way on the approaches;
2010
  • continuation of installation of the upper permanent way on the approaches, filling and paving the cones, installation of shore-span 6 - 71 = 18.2 meters, installation of the spans 5 - 6, 4 - 5 3 - 4 2 - 3 1 - 2 with the length of 66 meters, demolition of temporary supports and working bridges, organization of the bridge deck, extraction of the dowel, switching the traffic to the new bridge, elimination of the construction site and reclamation of the territories 

ANNEX № 4. PASSPORT OF THE INVESTMENT PROJECT “CONSTRUCTION OF A NEW STATION PROMGIPSOVAYA OF THE RAILWAY LINE URVANKA - PROMGIPSOVAYA OF THE MOSCOW RAILWAY” BEING A PART OF THE COMPREHENSIVE INVESTMENT PROJECT "INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX IN NOVOMOSKOVSK, THE TULA REGION".

  1. Name of the investment project - "Construction of a new station Promgipsovaya of the railway line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya of the Moscow railway." The implementation period is from 2007 to 2010.
  2. The Executive officer of the investment project - the Federal Agency for Railway Transport.
  3. The participant in the investment project - the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "The joint customer of the Federal Agency for Railway Transport".
  4. The objective of the investment project - the creation of the transport infrastructure necessary for implementation of the major investment projects related to the development of a large industrial district on the basis of the construction of new and modernization of the existing facilities.
  5. The approved estimated cost of the investment project (in the year prices, including VAT) - 1186.75 million rubles.
  6. Information on the state examination of the project documentation - the final conclusion of the Head Department of the state extra departmental examination N 221-08/ ГГЭ - 5340/04 dated March 26, 2008.
  7. Information about the investment adviser – “Raiffeisen Investment Aktiengesellschaft”, Moscow, Leninsky Prospekt 15A.
  8. The form of state support - implementation of the budget investments in the capital construction projects of the state ownership of the Russian Federation.
  9. The amount of the state support out of the funds of the Investment Fund of the Russian Federation - iIn the year prices, including VAT) - 1174.75 million rubles.
  10. The investment project’s payback period - 9 years since the beginning of implementation.
  11. The extent of liability for the implementation of the investment project on the part of all its participants by year during the period of its implementation is determined according to the Annex N 1.
  12. The volume of the property rights of the Russian Federation to the results of the investment project - the share of the ownership of the Russian Federation - 100 per cent.
  13. The main results of implementation of the investment project are defined according to the Annex N 2.


Annex № 1 to the passport of the investment project "Construction of a new station Promgipsovaya of the railway line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya of the Moscow Railway"

(million rubles in the year prices, with VAT)

Stages of implementation of the investment project The estimated cost of the comprehensive investment project Sources of financing of the comprehensive investment
project
 
Internal funds of the investor Borrowed funds of the investor Budget funds of the subjects of the Russian Federation RF Investment Fund resources
Investment project - total, including: 1186,75 11,8 - - 1174,75
2007 11,8 11,8 - - -
2008 105,13 - - - 105,13
2009 590,56 - - - 590,56
2010 479,26 - - - 479,26

Annex № 2 to the passport of the investment project "Construction of a new station Promgipsovaya of the railway line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya of the Moscow Railway"

Stages of implementation of the investment project The expected result of the stage implementation of the investment project
2007
  • beginning of the development of the project documentation
2008
  • complete preparation of the design and estimate documentation for construction of the line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya, preparation works for construction of the line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya, preparation of the design estimate documentation for construction of a new station Promgipsovaya
2009
  • construction of the upper railroad bed and water drainages of the line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya, construction of the upper permanent way of the line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya, completion of the construction of the line Urvanka - Promgipsovaya, beginning of the construction of the station Promgipsovaya
2010
  • continuation of stacking of the upper structure of the railways, construction of the communication complex, organization of the station with central locking, construction of the administrative and domestic building and the heating stations, organization of the power supply networks, construction and organization of the water and sanitation units, completion of the construction of the station Promgipsovaya;

 


ANNEX № 5. PASSPORT OF THE INVESTMENT PROJECT " CONSTRUCTION OF THE ROAD TULA - NOVOMOSKOVSK KM 34 + 800 - KM 51 + 660 IN THE KIREEVSKY AND NOVOMOSKOVSKIY DISTRICTS OF THE TULA REGION" BEING PART OF THE COMPREHENSIVE INVESTMENT PROJECT INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX IN NOVOMOSKOVSK, THE TULA REGION".

  1. Name of the investment project - "Construction of the road Tula - Novomoskovsk km 34 + 800 - km 51 + 660 in the Kireevsky and Novomoskovskiy districts of the Tula region". The implementation period is from 2007 to 2010.
  2. The Executive officer of the investment project - the Federal Road Agency.
  3. The participant in the investment project - the administration of the Tula region (the investor).
  4. The objective of the investment project - the creation of the transport infrastructure necessary for implementation of the major investment projects related to the development of a large industrial district on the basis of the construction of new and modernization of the existing facilities.
  5. The approved estimated cost of the investment project - 5,816.2 million rubles (in the year prices, including VAT).
  6. Information on the state examination of the project documentation - the positive conclusion of the Head Department of the state extra departmental examination in the Tula region N 157 dated August 17, 2007.
  7. Information about the investment adviser – “Raiffeisen Investment Aktiengesellschaft”, Moscow, Leninsky Prospekt 15A.
  8. The form of state support - provision of subsidies to the budgets of the Russian Federation for co-financing the capital construction projects of the regional ownership.
  9. The amount of the state support out of the funds of the Investment Fund of the Russian Federation - iIn the year prices, including VAT) - 5,216.2 million rubles.
  10. The investment project’s payback period - 9 years since the beginning of implementation.
  11. The extent of liability for the implementation of the investment project on the part of all its participants by year during the period of its implementation is determined according to the Annex N 1.
  12. The volume of the property rights of the Russian Federation to the results of the investment project - the share of the ownership of the Russian Federation - 100 per cent.
  13. The main results of implementation of the investment project are defined according to the Annex N 2.

Annex № 1 to the passport of the investment project – “Construction of the road Tula - Novomoskovsk km 34 + 800 - km 51 + 660 in the Kireevsky and Novomoskovskiy districts of the Tula region”

(million rubles in the year prices, with VAT)

Stages of implementation of the investment project The estimated cost of the comprehensive investment project Sources of financing of the comprehensive investment
project
 
Internal funds of the investor Borrowed funds of the investor Budget funds of the subjects of the Russian Federation RF Investment Fund resources
Investment project - total, including: 5816,2 - - 600 5216,2
2007 14 - - 14 -
2008 113,63 - - 100 13,63
2009 1872,87 - - 230 1642,87
2010 3815,7 - - 256 3559,7

 


Annex № 2 to the passport of the investment project – “Construction of the road Tula - Novomoskovsk km 34 + 800 - km 51 + 660 in the Kireevsky and Novomoskovskiy districts of the Tula region”

Stages of implementation of the investment project The expected result of the stage implementation of the investment project
Sources of financing the comprehensive investment project
2007
  • beginning of the development of the project documentation
2008
  • reconstruction and consolidation of the road, logging, demolition of the existing structures, design of the easement area, reclamation, technological connection to the distribution network of the open joint stock company "Tulaenergo", determination of the market value of the land in connection with the purchase from the property owners, reorganization of the high-voltage power line, reorganization of the water pipes and communication lines, working documentation
2009
  • construction of the highway section with an overpass over the railroad tracks
2010
  • construction of the highway section with a bridge across the Lyubovskoye reservoir and an overpass over the railroad tracks.